Sandro Botticelli

December 17, 2020 | Posted by Peter Jakobsen | ART, HISTORY | 0 Comments |

(1 March 1445 (?) to 17 May 1510)

The great Florentine painter of the early Renaissance, Botticelli was not as technically accomplished as either Leonardo or Michelangelo, but he often excelled those men in the sheer preternatural beauty of his works.  Consider the Birth of Venus, with its anatomical eccentricity and stage-like rendering of form and nature:

Birth of Venus

The secret is this, that in European painting there has never again been an artist so indifferent to representation and so intent upon presentation.“^

The Virgin and Child (The Madonna of the Book)

File:Sandro Botticelli 062.jpg

Madonna with Two Angels

While he painted plenty of religious pictures, he was also inspired to create by works of classical antiquity and burgeoning literature, such as Dante’s Divine Comedy.

Primavera

 

His works achieve the Renaissance ideals of leggiadria – Rare refinement or composure, accompanied and supported by the value of spontaneity and referable especially to the harmony of the details of the appearance, attitude, style.

File:Sandro Botticelli, Madonna con Bambino (Tondo Luzzetti).jpg

Il “Tondo Luzzetti”

Adoration of the Magi

Vasari said of the Magi: “This is truly a most admirable work, and executed so beautifully, whether in colouring, drawing, or composition, that every craftsman at the present day stands in a marvel thereat.”  (The work brought him to Rome, where he painted a Sistine panel for Pope Sixtus IV).

File:Portrait de Dante.jpg

He is before all things a poetical painter, blending the charm of story and sentiment, the medium of the art of poetry, with the charm of line and colour, the medium of abstract painting. So he becomes the illustrator of Dante.”*  His many illustrations from Dante’s Great Work shows him leaving grace and creamy-skinned angels behind – there are some very dark and brutal images (see the Chart of Hell below and a sketch in our post on the Comedy).

File:Eventos de la vida de Moisés (Sandro Botticelli).jpg

Events in the life of Moses

Detail from the work above

Mary with the Child and Singing Angels

Chart of Hell

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Saint Augustine in His Study

Web Gallery of Art, searchable fine arts image database

A Villa Lemmi fresco

In some of the later [mannered] works…we have, it is true, bacchanals rather than symphonies of line…But the painter of the “Venus rising from the Sea,” or the “Spring,” or of the Villa Lemmi frescoes is the greatest artist of linear design that Europe ever had.” #

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[^ Bernhard Berenson, The Italian Painters of the Renaissance (1930) p. 87.] [* Walter Pater, The Renaissance (1870), p. 34.] [# Berenson, The Italian Painters of the Renaissance p. 90]

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